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论文写作语法小贴士之数字

论文写作语法小贴士之数字

数字可以在文章中起到多种作用。


出现在句首的数字应该完整拼写。

16 species of whale have been added to the list of the world`s endangered animals. 【错误】

Sixteen species of whale have been added to the list of the world`s endangered animals. 【正确】


如果数字以及度量衡或时间单位出现在句首,数字和单位均应完整拼写。

15 mL of buffer was added to the solution. 【错误】

Fifteen milliliters of buffer was added to the solution. 【正确】


如果句首的数字超过100,为了表达清晰,最好改写这句话。

Three hundred and sixty-seven participants took part in the study. 【错误】

A total of 367 participants took part in the study. 【正确】


练习

您可以根据以上的总结尝试改写下面几句话,答案见下方。


Three hundred people took part in the trial, of which only 30% completed it.

17 of the thirty parrots captured in the forest during the defined time period were found to have the infection.

15 cm thick cable was laid for five hundred meters. 20 sensors were placed at 25 meters intervals. 


答案:

Of the 300 participants who took part in the trial, only 30% completed it.

Seventeen of the thirty parrots captured in the forest during the defined time period were found to have the infection. Seventeen of the thirty parrots captured in the forest during the defined time period were found to have the infection.

Fifteen-centimeter thick cable was laid for 500 m. Twenty sensors were placed at 25-m intervals.