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论文写作语法小贴士之大写

论文写作语法小贴士之大写

在大部分的情况下我们知道何时应该使用大写,比如说人名、地名和句首等。恰当地使用大写可以提升文章的表现力。

如果在符号或者无法大写的词出现在了句首,那么最好是想办法调整句子的结构。

专有名词如以人名命名的术语需要大写。

Down syndrome
Noble agar
Hunter sore


用作派生词或形容词的术语则必不大写。

Gram stain / gram-negative bacteria

Southern blotting / western blot analysis *Southern 是人名,所以大写。


示例

t Tests were used in the analysis 【错误】
The t test was used for each set of data 【正确】

The pH was carefully controlled. 的表达更胜于 pH was carefully controlled. 

α-Toulene was used 【可以】
The solvent α-toulene was used 【正确】



练习

请根据以上总结改写下面的句子,答案在下方。

For analysis, southern, Northern blotting and Western blotting techniques are ....

17 of the thirty parrots captured in the forest during the defined time period were found to have the infection.

The ducts of müller ducts (named after Johannes Peter müller) are present on the embryos of both sexes. The development of the müllerian ducts is controlled by the presence or absence of "AMH", or Anti-Müllerian hormone (also known as "MIF" for "Müllerian-inhibiting factor", or "MIH" for "Müllerian-inhibiting hormone").

The study involved infants born by Cesarean section following difficulties during pregnancy.

qPCR was used to measure the samples


答案:


For analysis, Southern, northern blotting and western blotting techniques are ....

Seventeen of the thirty parrots captured in the forest during the defined time period were found to have the infection. 

The ducts of Müller (named after Johannes Peter Müller) are present on the embryos of both sexes. The development of the müllerian ducts is controlled by the presence or absence of "AMH", or Anti-müllerian hormone (also known as "MIF" for "müllerian-inhibiting factor", or "MIH" for "müllerian-inhibiting hormone").

The study involved infants born by cesarean section following difficulties during pregnancy.

The samples were measured with qPCR