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论文写作语法小贴士之Affect和Effect

论文写作语法小贴士之Affect和Effect

 

Affect 和 Effect


尽管 “affect” 和 “effect” 的发音很像,但用法却有所不同。

“Affect”绝大多数情况下作动词使用,意为“作用于” (“to influence”)

“Effect”绝大多数情况下作名词使用,意为“行动的结果” (“the result of some action”)

但是,“effect”在作动词使用时有“使…发生”或“造成”的含义,而“affect”在作名词使用时,含义为“情绪反应”或“感动”。为避免混淆,建议在使用时取他们的一般含义。


示例


Luckily, the medicine did not adversely affect the patient. 【正确】

Luckily, the medicine did not adversely effect the patient. 【错误】


Many scientists believe that global warming is the effect of greenhouse-gas emissions. 【正确】

Many scientists believe that global warming is the affect of greenhouse-gas emissions. 【错误】


练习


请根据以上总结改写下面的句子。

Smoking badly affects/effects your health, while exercise has the opposite affect/effect.

The inhibitor affected/effected the concentration?

The photovoltaic affect/effect is the process of a solar cell converting sunlight into electricity.